Where’s your pain?

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BACK PAIN

Overview
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Back problems are one of the most common physical complaints among adults. Symptoms include: stiffness, aching, sharp localized pain, numbness and on occasion radiating pain to the legs. The causes could include: joint dysfunction, degeneration, disc problems and poor posture to name a few. Recent studies have shown that Chiropractic treatment for lower back pain provides faster results and is more cost effective than other health care approaches.
Lower Back Pain (Mechanical)
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This refers to any type of pain caused due to abnormal stress and strain on the muscles and joint of the spine. Typically this type of pain results from bad habits such as poor posture, poorly designed seating and incorrect bending or lifting motions and sleeping positions.
Disc Herniation/Slipped Disc
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“Slipped Disc” is a phrase relating to intervertebral disc herniation, bulge, prolapse, protrusion or even rupture.
Discs are shock absorbers of the spine and protect the spine form any trauma. A bulging or “slipped” disc can potentially cause nerve compression. This may be as a result of direct physical pressure, or chemical irritation due to inflammation and localised swelling.

Tears in the disc may result in severe pain due to chemical irritation of the surrounding nerves.

Symptoms of a bulging disc can vary depending on the location and type of injury involved but are usually sharp “electric” pain in the back, leg pain and numbness, weakness, tiredness and inability to bend or straighten the back.

Spondylosis
Spondylosis is the term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis changes of the spine. The joints in the spinal column become affected, resulting in a loss of flexibility and pain, as well as the possibility of the formation of bone spurs that can result in pressure on the adjacent nerves or spinal cord.
Spondylolisthesis
spondylolisthesis
This is the forward or backward slipping of one of the spinal bones in relation to the others. Typical physical changes include generalized back stiffness, and a tightening of the hamstrings, with a resulting change in both posture and gait.

The posture will typically give the appearance that the individual leans forward slightly. Sitting and standing up may be painful and difficult. Coughing and sneezing can also intensify the pain
The individual may also note a “slipping sensation” when moving into an upright position.

Stenosis
spinalstenosis
Spinal Stenosis is the abnormal narrowing of the spinal column that can occur in any region of the spine.

This condition occurs mostly in people older than 50 years of age, however, younger people with a spine injury or a narrow spinal canal are also at risk. Conditions such as arthritis and scoliosis can result in spinal stenosis too.

Symptoms might appear gradually or not at all. Symptoms include back or neck pain, numbness, weakness and limb pain.

[Back Pain Brochure]